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Understanding gum disease
So what is gum disease? It is a swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main types:
The gums around the teeth become red. Often the swollen gums bleed when you brush or floss them.
2. Periodontal disease
Gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease, affecting the tissues supporting the teeth. As the disease gets worse the bone fixing the teeth to the jaw is lost, making the teeth loose. In severe cases they may eventually fall out.
All gum disease is caused by plaque and hardened plaque called tartar. Your hygienist/dentist will usually clean your teeth thoroughly to remove the tartar. You'll also be shown how to remove plaque successfully yourself. This may take a number of sessions so that all parts of your mouth are treated.
Unfortunately, periodontal disease can never be reversed. But it can be controlled as long as you keep up the home care you have been taught. Any further loss of bone will be very slow and it may stop altogether.
80% of the adult population may suffer from gum disease.
Gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults.
All gum disease is caused by plaque and hardened plaque called tartar.
Smokers more likely to get gum disease often without the warning signs of bleeding gums.
Signs of gum disease: blood on your toothbrush or floss; bad breath.
Severe cases: loose teeth, gaps appearing between teeth or pain in your gums.
Gum disease usually develops slowly and painlessly so you do not notice the damage it is doing. Over a number of years, the bone supporting the teeth can be lost.
Early diagnosis allows for simpler and more successful treatment.
Please see the video below for more information on gum disease: